This is how to make my small hive
aim of this trap is to be super effective, super cheap, non
time-consuming, and super easy. I think I have cone up with a
picture says a thousand words, so here is it is.....
Scroll down it is a long page.
|This is just a $3 tray from Kmart (Australia) I am
waiting for them to
get some more in stock. The girl on the check out must think I am into
some serious baking!
||My trusty GMC drop saw with a standard
|Remember that the teeth are off set to the left and the
right so the
cut will be larger than the teeth.
Don't forger your safety boots when working with power tools :) It is
Queensland after all!
|Make sure that the slots are no larger than this...
If a few bees get through, you have made the slots to large.
tried a stack of sizes. The best size is one that the bees
only just not fit through. If the bees can half stick there heads
though, you have the perfect size for your bees.
That way the small hive beetle can not just hide in the slot.
is how I attached the trap. It is just two pieces of wood with slots
cut in them. Make the slots deep enough so you can slide the tray. See
how it can slide out . This means you don't have to open your hive
to check the trap. Neat
|Here is one of my hives. See how the trap fits.
is a joy to see. Hundreds of small hive beetle. The trap has been on
this hive for just one week!!! I had no idea that there were this many
When I inspected my hives, I would see four or five. Nothing like
They must be flying in from some where.
hive is only two months old. It is a swarm that I caught with Graham.
It is doing
very well, and looks very healthy. It has just filled a super in 2
weeks. It could be the smell of honey flow that is attracting them. I
am not sure
theory behind the trap......
If you look at you hive and you are in an area that
has SHB, then you will see a few small hive beetle. If you
you will see your bees attacking them - well chasing them, as
attacks don't seem to work. As they chase them all around the frames,
beetle seem to be a little clumsy, and some times they falls off the
When they are on the bottom board, the bees chase them around until
they find a corner to hide in. Using this behavior, I have designed my
trap. It is a bottom board trap. This is for a number of reasons.
*First. Every time a new beetle enters your hive, it must crawl over
board near the entrance. It will be chased by bee as it does. If is is
caught by a trap there, well you have a solution.
*Second if a
beetle makes it to your frames, it will be chased by you bees. Every so
often, it will fall off the frames, where it may be caught by the trap
*Third beetle seem to have an affinity for cracks and
corners. By cutting out the bottom board, you have made a corner for
the beetle to run in. Make sure that when to cut you bottom board out,
use a large drill bit on each of the four corners, so that there is no
sharp corner for the beetle to hide in. That way the small hive beetle
will run around and around, until they dive down the slot in your trap.
I think I am just like everyone else. I don't like extra
added to my work load. I wanted a trap that took a minimum of time to
inspect and service. That is why the trap is external from the hive,
and it has oil -just plain old cooking oil, not a powder like lime etc.
When a beetle falls, it takes a second or two for it to right itself
and start to fly. That is why it is important to have the oil
reasonably close to the slots. -Use a shallow baking tray, they work
better than loaf trays.
*Last The beetle are in you hive for one
reason. To lay larvae. This larvae has to get out of your hive and into
the ground to pupate. I think that if a hive has any beetle at all, the
the chances are that there are a few larvae working around you hive.
The bees should be ok if the numbers are small. Having a bottom board
trap means that if there is any larvae in your hive, the on the way out
to pupate, there is a very good chance that they will also be caught in
I live in
Queensland, and it seems SHB is more prevalent in humid areas.
Powders like lime go hard in a month in areas of high humidity, so a
liquid is the go. I am thinking of putting a hole in the tray - just
near the top, so that in the highly unlikely event of the trap filling
with water- (thought the hive door) then the tray would fill, the
would rise until it got to the hole and could not go into the hive.
is the theory behind my trap, and in my opinion why it works so well. I
have top traps - AJ traps in my hives also. At present my
board traps are catching about 20 times as many beetle as the
have stolen points from many other designs - including Lawrence's trap.
Read all that I can, and
watched the bees and the beetles to come up with my design. Be aware
however that I wish my trap to be publicly available, and the design
free for all to use. There is no perfect solution, but at this time
this trap is working really well for me. Give it a try. Should
improvements on the design be made, well
lets share them with everyone else. Email me your ideas, so I
put them up here and we
can all benefit.
If you want any more information or comments feedback, just send me an email